As Pakistan prepares for the day of the occupation of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB), massive protests took place in the region against the atrocities committed by Pakistani military and federal governments. Protesters are actively calling for the release of human rights activists and political leaders.
Strong slogans such as “Ye jo dehshatgardi hain, uske peechhe vardi hain” (Pakistani army is behind terrorism). The region suffers from absolute statelessness, and the military has been given the hand of freedom to rule the region. Locals are hitting the streets to protest human rights violations committed by Pakistani forces. The administration of this region has been miserable since Pakistan occupied it.
Pakistan has relied on illegal and unethical means since its initial attempts to capture GB. On October 22, 1947, a 20,000 armed tribe equipped with Pakistani weapons and ammunition participated in the attack of invaders on Jammu and Kashmir, occupying Srinagar and advancing to block it from the rest of India, Pakistan to attack GB Started the operation. .
As Indian troops engaged to clear the Kashmir Valley from intruders, Pakistan sensed the opportunity and the Pakistani government took care of Major William Brown, commander of Gilgit Scout of Maharaja Hari Singh. He led a coup on November 1, 1947 to arrest Governor Ghansara Singh. Jammu’s radical Muslim Mirza Hassan Khan and Kashmir 6 infantry helped Brown.
All of this happened under the command of Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan, the leader of the North Korean congressional party who later defected to the Muslim League. He helped establish a provisional government with Raja Shah Rais Khan as president and Mirza Hassan Khan as general commander. Pakistan-appointed political deputy Khan Mohammad Alam Khan arrived with Pakistani troops on November 16 and took over the Gilgit administration. Gilgit Scouts advanced to Baltistan and Ladakh, along with tribal invaders, and captured Skado in May 1948. Indian troops vacated the Ladakh region in the fall of 1948.
Pakistan’s operations were entirely led by the armed forces and tribes, and the GB’s public was not involved at all. Shortly after the provisional government was enacted, locals came out to protest the occupation of Pakistan but faced atrocities.
Through a conspiracy, the Pakistani federal government signed a Karachi Agreement with the POJK government in 1949 and cut GB from it. According to the International Crisis Group (ICG), the Karachi Agreement, which served as the basis for administration of the Pakistani government’s GB, is not very popular in the region as the GB was not a party even while its fate was decided.
The ongoing movement since the occupation of Pakistan has been demanding independence from Pakistan, and the state has met this through the absolute elimination of movement leaders. Recently, the Pakistani Human Rights Commission (HRCP) criticized the Pakistani government for conquering the GB people. HRCP said in a recent report that Pakistan’s opposition to the abolition of special status in Jammu and Kashmir, India, “looks strange because Pakistan itself has not given special status to one of its components (GB).” The Pakistani Commission added, “People’s opposition is evident in protests held regularly throughout the region against the acquisition, occupation and purchase of land through coercive and covert means. Protests and conflicts over land issues have been reported in Simplified. , Skardu, Hunza, Nagar, Ghizer and Gilgit regions. “
The advent of the CPEC project added to the suffering of the people of Gilgit-Baltistan. Climate change activists such as Baja Jan and several other dissidents have involuntarily disappeared from the area. With the arrival of CPEC in the area, the number of such disappearances began to skyrocket. Locals are seeing China’s hand behind the invasion that Pakistan wants to strengthen power and unilaterally annex the region within its territory. This is why China has appointed Nong Rong, China’s United Fronts Works Department (UFWD) official, who conducts covert operations, as Pakistan’s new ambassador. It is believed that he was tasked with removing all blockades from the GB in the way of CPEC and ensuring full Chinese control over the region.
OHCHR’s 2019 report on Jammu and Kashmir noted that the way CPEC projects are implemented in GB raises the question of the enjoyment of the rights set out in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economics. Social and cultural rights to which Pakistan is a political party. The Pakistani federal government is also not only a major law such as anti-terrorism law, but also a trivial law such as a cybercrime law to curb anti-CPEC opposition in GB. Following this trend, OHCHR has described any person who protests or criticizes the CPEC as “anti-state and anti-people”.
According to a report from the Think Tank Law and Society Alliance, “the Pakistani government has been extremely conscious of the CPEC project through information management and has warned and threatened journalists in GB against criticizing the CPEC project.” Said.
In addition to the settlement of the Punjab elite, the main position of the GB initially came to work in the CPEC and eventually became a new colony of settled Chinese soldiers. These waha non-Sunni workers permanently settled in the GB, further rapidly evolving the area, abolishing the majority of Shiites, and the Chinese exploiting the local population and local resources. There are also several news reports uncovering prostitution rackets running in GB, for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers in the region and Chinese workers working on CPEC projects in the region.
In the past few weeks, Pakistani media has had a tumult over the Pakistani government changing the GB’s status by changing the GB to its fifth state. The Pakistani government planned to change GB’s status through an executive decree because it bypassed the constitution and demanded a constitutional amendment and consent from the GB Congress.
In addition, the Pakistani constitution does not recognize GB as a territory of Pakistan. Neither GB nor PoJK is mentioned in Article 1 of the Pakistani Constitution, which describes the territory of Pakistan. The Unrepresented People’s Organization (UNPO) said, “In Gilgit-Baltistan, the majority of human rights activists who have been petitioned or charged with terrorism for participating in peaceful protests are being tried in military anti-terrorism courts outside the constitution. This does not apply in this region as Gilgit-Baltistan is not part of Pakistan.
Pakistan has consistently failed in the region and its development indicators are poor, reflecting the fact that GB has no facilities. The governance of the region is represented only by two factors: ambiguity and genocide. Among all, the voices of GB residents are prominent in the global forums, and Pakistani facilities are embarrassed to clarify their location and justify their actions. Nevertheless, human rights advocates hope that the GB people will defend themselves against the heinous CPEC project and their territories will not turn into Chinese colonies.